Subak Malung Bulu Jauk
Bunutan & Tanggayuda, Gianyar, Bali
Our pilot project is on the outskirts of Ubud, Gianyar, part of Kedewatan. This subak was chosen because of its proximity to Ubud and its therefore threatened status for development. Also, most of this subak has already partially returned to organic methods for growing rice, but still needs technical assistance for organic pest control and learning permaculture systems.
Bunutan: 365 KK (KK=kepala keluarga/head of family) Tanggayuda: 215 KK
Household Income (HHI)=RP 1.500.000 (month) ($123)# of farms to be conserved=135=47 Hectare (117.5 acres)
Farmers: Bunutan - 150 people are part time farmers , 100 are full time farmers Tanggayuda - 160 people are part time farmers, 50 are full time#of farmers who have sold their sawah in subak: Bunutan=3, Tanggayuda=5 (3=100% Sold, 2 have sold partial holdings)
Soil composition: soil in the Subak Malung is muddy. This condition has slowed the growing process of rice.
Contribution for Subak: Rp. 30.000.000/ ($2,457) year starting this year from government.
Annual village budget: Bunutan Rp. 308.000.000 ($25,235K) Tanggayuda Rp. 197.000.000 ($16,100)
Our pilot project will be a living laboratory to replicate the US Land Trust model while ensuring the culture, religion and legal framework of Bali is prioritised.
The Pilot Project is aptly titled ,"Seeing is Believing" The farmers participating in the project requested that economic development be the first stage, and we realized this was an opportunity for change management. YKSB received grant funding for Phase 1 in Dec. 2014. from the Australian Consulate (Direct Access Program). The field site was designed and the new permaculture systems were installed. We have been facilitating workshops and sustained technical assistance. The Agro-tourism program is up and running with international volunteers of all ages, they come and work in the fields, learn permaculture and live within a family compound enjoying the immersion into Balinese village life .The heritage rice, mangkok has proven to be an economic boon and has been able to withstand climate change of drought and monsoon rain.
Photos capture the "gotong royong" = mutual assistance of rice culture and Balinese Hinduism.
PHASE 1: COMPLETED
Phase 1 :Economic Development
Increasing the farmer’s income and health.
Returning to organic methods and restructuring what and how crops are grown.
Supply chain of logistics for selling premium heritage rice, mangkok.
Capacity building with all systems for model replication
Resource management (subak) + crops to mitigate climate change and water crisis in Bali
To conserve sawah+ subak, food security, food sovereignty, cultural landscape and the heritage of generation to generation rice culture through land inheritance.
This subak grows rice and it will be encouraged to grow only the heritage rices, utilizing organic seeds, organic methods and planting with S.R.I. (system of rice intensification) to obtain highest yield with zero external monetary input. If desired, a cooperative will be formed to sell the organic heritage rices. It will take time to transition and certify that methods are indeed organic. Having organic products, farmers and their families can, not only sell their organic products at higher price but also have the access to organic rice that has provides a nutritionally higher diet without harmful and toxic chemicals.
Site specific organic vegetables will also be grown. We will support this by devising a supply chain for all organic vegetables. From farmer to consumer.Value added products may be created by enlisting the partnership of social entrepreneurships.
We have developed an agrotourism program with homestays. Volunteers will provide labor and young Balinese will witness how "cool" and important it is to preserve farming. All of this increases farmer’s income and capacity building.
Introduction of GREEN DREAM PRODUCTS
Phase 2, as we restore the habitat to health + biodiversity, especially the soil, adding biomass and compost provided by the cows on site. Soils need to be replenished with nutrients. The farmers have been so happy with the mangkok rice, they are devoting more and more land to it. Their families have been enjoying the delicious brown rice and the healthy nutrition and fiber that it provides. Introduction of moringa (kelor) an extremely nutritious traditional plant that is now being reintroduced as a value added product will be another aspect of combining traditional wisdom and modern times.
Capacity building of sales/marketing and its logistics to ensure sustainable income for farmers continue as the final stage of the Pilot Project.
We have disseminated the data from this project DECEMBER 2016 (See HOME page to download)
PHASE 2: COMPLETED
Phase 3: Capacity Building
The success of this Pilot Project hinges on the sustainability of this program. Capacity building within the community is the only way to ensure this. Pak Anggir is the mentor for farmers, championing the methods and also aware that adaptation to the water crisis, pollution, climate change and cultural challenges within Balinese society must be problem solved. Chakra will continue in this vein. His two sons, Jantuk and Kope are now administering the quality control, logistics, marketing + sales and all communications, including accounting. (The farmers decided not to form a koperasi, as to the fear of corruption; the legacy of the Suhoerto regime). Farmers will be paying a consensual payment per kilo for all administration.
Phase 3 : COMPLETED
August 2017: YKSB intended to scale up this program and collaborate with the farmers in Subak Jatiluwih, but with total lack of financial support from Bali/Indonesia we are unable to continue with new work. The artificially created water crisis and complicity of the governments of Bali will seal the fate of this island. It is with deep sorrow that YKSB ceases forward momentum, and Executive Director leaves this island. Succession and continuity are now the focus of Director of Permaculture.
Phase 4: Conserving Sawah has been deemed impossible to legally undertake, due to the lack of financial support. There is indication that the sawah has been conserved through the mechanism of economic development.
Sawah Bali has met with the Pekaseh, as well as the Adat and Dinas leaders of both villages. The project was met with enthusiasm and support. We have shown some members of the subak and their wives a video that Sawah Bali has created to outline all aspects of the project. We are continuing to listen to subak members, answer their questions and ask for their opinions so that Project Manager and Farm Liaison can better understand their concerns and ideas.
Appraisals will be sought from Rita Dewi, Red Lotus Properties. An appraisal will need to establish a) a price that a developer would pay per are (prior to real-estate bubble) and b) the intrinsic value (farming/sawah) of farmland per are. Negotiations (per are) will ensue with Pekesah and subak members. This will define the price paid to each farmer “not to develop” in perpetuity. This amount will be paid with installments as an annuity payment, scheduled multi-generational until the balance has been paid in full. Awig- awig amendment will be implemented, (banjar) ensuring legal and local oversight for conserving the property in perpetuity.
Sawah Bali will enlist the help of a bank to open bank accounts for all subak members and their wives. Financial management workshops will be available for those who are interested. Sawah Bali will begin monthly annuity payments of Rp 1.220.500 ($100) directly deposited in bank accounts.
Phase 4: Monitoring, enforcement and stewardship of the land
On-going technical assistance as well as monitoring of conserved farms by Pekaseh, Desa and Sawah Bali.
Phase 4: Partially COMPLETED: no legal conservation, but farmer commitment to continue farming because of the profound added income derived from mangkok + moringa. Monitoring continues.
Australian Government +Consulate (DAP )
Australian Volunteers International Development (AVID)
Coordinating Forum ( responisible for UNESCO mandates for WHS in Bali)
Udayana University: Organic Farming + Agrobusiness students
Virginia Tech: Dr. Marc Stern CLIGS (Center for Learning in Global Sustainability)
Consultants - Dr. Luh Kartini, BOA, Udayana University Dr. Wayan Windia, + Wiwik Dharmiasih
Natural Capital Network - Crowdfunding
Ibu in the sawah in Bunutan preparing for the ByuKukung ceremony to increase the fertility and harvest.
In preparation for a ceremony, a subak member makes lawar in the Masceti, the sacred water temple that each subak has for ceremonies and meetings.
Subak canal system
The leaders of Bunutan, Tanggayuda, the Pekaseh, farmers and the Sawah Bali team